Journal prompt help!

Learning Goal: I’m working on a sociology discussion question and need a sample draft to help me learn.


Explain the difference between stress, worry and anxiety. Using the readings I am attaching. Include in your response the tools or concepts that might help you better understand how you react and feel when worried or anxious. Does understanding the difference between them make a difference? You must clearly reference the readings.……


Use this article: (ARTICLE IS IN BOLD)

“The following information is from a handout written by the Department of Psychiatry at UMass Medical School/UMass Memorial Health Care

Minding Your Mind to Mend Your Body

An important stress management technique is cognitive restructuring. Cognitive restructuring (CR) means to change our mental, or cognitive, responses to stress. CR is based on the idea that we often respond to daily stressful events with a negative, distorted mental monologue. This monologue creates distressing emotions, moods, and feelings.

The Internal Monologue

When we are faced with stressful situations, our internal monologue is more likely to consist of negative distorted thoughts, called Negative Automatic Thoughts, or NATs. NATs are like knee-jerk reactions to stress that occur almost unconsciously. They often involve worst-case scenarios, jumping to conclusions, “awfulizing”, and “catastrophizing”. They seem so real that we don’t stop to question or examine them. Consequently, NATs can cause us to: lose perspective and cognitive flexibility, get locked into one-track thinking, accentuate the negative, and view stressful situations in an inaccurate, distorted fashion. When the negative monologue occurs too frequently or intensely in response to stress, unhealthy negative emotions like anxiety or anger can result. These emotions elicit stress responses that compromise our psychological and physical health and our sleep.

Minding the Mind

We often can’t change the situations that cause stress but we can change our emotional responses to stress using CR. This technique involves learning to recognize, challenge, and change NATs so that we can turn off negative emotions and stress responses more easily.

CR works in three ways: by reducing the frequency and intensity of negative emotional reactions, turning off the reactions more rapidly, and preventing them from occurring in the future. Let’s take a closer look at how to practice CR.

Eavesdropping on the Internal Monologue

The first step in CR is to become more aware of your thoughts and feelings that occur in response to stressful situations. The most difficult part of this step is recognizing NATs for they are so automatic. The most effective way to recognize NATs is to track, in writing, the feelings and NATs that accompany stressful situations. This will enable you to become more aware of the kinds of negative feelings that you experience most often; under what circumstances they occur; and, most importantly, the NATs in the periphery of your awareness that trigger the feelings. Each day, choose one or two stressful situations that triggered negative emotions, then record the NATs that filtered through your mind in anticipation of the situation, during the situation, or after the situation. Ask yourself, “What were my thoughts and what was I saying to myself about the situation that contributed to my feelings of stress?” By recording these thoughts on a regular basis, you will become more aware of the situations that cause you distress, the emotions that you typically experience in response to stress, and the kinds of NATs that you experience most often.

Methods for Reframing the Negative Monologue

After learning to become aware of NATs and the feelings they trigger, the next step in CR is to reframe NATs by writing down more accurate, adaptive thoughts about stressful situations, called “Reframed Thoughts”.

You can reframe NATs by asking yourself the following ten key questions:

  1. Is this thought really true?
  2. Am I overemphasizing a negative aspect of this situation?
  3. What is the worst thing that could happen?
  4. Is there anything that might be positive about this situation?
  5. Am I catastrophizing, “awfulizing”, jumping to conclusions, and assuming a negative outcome?
  6. How do I know this situation will turn out this way?
  7. Is there another way to look at this situation?
  8. What difference will this make next week, month, or year?
  9. If I had one month to live, how important would this be?
  10. Am I using words like “never”, “always”, “worst”, “terrible”, or “horrible” to describe the situation?

Because NATs are so automatic and habitual, the CR takes some time to learn. But, with practice, you can learn to use CR to turn off the negative stress filter, catch and reframe NATs, and develop a greater sense of control over your mental responses to stress.”

to explain Cognitive Restructuring and how it can be used to manage Negative Automatic Thoughts. Cognitive restructuring, also known as reframing is the practice of changing one’s perspective of a situation. Share an example of when you may have been consumed with negative thoughts. Were you able to use reframing to get yourself back on track? If not, thinking back on the situation, what reframing could you have done at the time to defeat the negative thoughts/beliefs and to change your perspective on the situation.

Refer back to this article… to help you explain which of the 10 common distorted thinking patterns your example fits into and why:

  • Polarized thinking
  • Overgeneralization
  • Catastrophizing
  • Personalization
  • Mind reading
  • Mental filtering
  • Discounting the positive
  • Emotional reasoning
  • “Should” statements
  • Labeling


Write a conclusion sharing what was learned from the assignment and how it could be used to manage one’s stress.

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