Monetary Policy

Unit 9 Assignment Template: Monetary Policy

Name: ______________

BU204 Section Number: ______

Date:   ______________       

 

BU204-3: Examine the roles of money, banking, and the Federal Reserve System, and how monetary policy is used to mitigate negative impacts on the national economy.

 

  1. The economy of a hypothetical country has been stable for two or three years with very low unemployment. Wages have been gradually increasing during this time. Now stock market prices begin significant increases, causing peoples’ investments, such as their retirement accounts and other investments to increase in value. People feel confident about the future. They believe they will keep their jobs, get regular pay raises and life will be good. With this positive feeling, people feel better about making purchases. They now use their new-found sense of wealth to buy many things that they had been hesitant to purchase in the past.

 

Given this scenario, insert your answers below each of the following questions.

 

  1. What kind of economic gap will start to occur (inflationary or recessionary)?

 

(Enter your response here.)

 

  1. Which of these graphs, Figure 1 or Figure 2, depicts this economic gap?

 

(Enter your response here.)

Figure 1                     

Figure 1: Graph of the economy showing demand shifted to the right.

Figure 2

 

Figure 2: Graph of the economy showing demand shifted to the left.

 

  1. What part of the Federal Reserve’s congressional mandate does this scenario trigger (price stability and maximum sustainable employment)?

 

(Enter your response here.)

  1. What kind of monetary policy might be helpful to stabilize the economy (expansionary or contractionary)?

 

(Enter your response here.)

  1. What specific monetary policy tools does the Federal Reserve have available to use in this scenario?

 

(Enter your response here.)

  1. Explain, in detail, how the Federal Reserve should use each of these tools to maximize their effect in stabilizing the economy. What will be the likely effect of each monetary tool’s use on the money supply and the resulting impact on the economy?

 

(Enter your response here.)

  1. The economy of a hypothetical country has been stable for two or three years with very low unemployment. Wages have been gradually increasing during this time. Now, an aggressive policy of increasing tariffs on foreign goods imported into the country results in retaliatory actions from the other countries against the country’s products and services. This causes great loss of business in the country and results in a significant portion of workers losing their jobs.

 

Given this scenario, insert your answers below each of the following questions.

 

  1. What kind of economic gap will start to occur (inflationary or recessionary)?

 

(Enter your response here.)

  1. Which of these graphs, Figure 1 or Figure 2, depicts this economic gap?

 

(Enter your response here.)

 

Figure 1

 

Figure 1: Graph of the economy showing demand shifted to the right.

Figure 2

 

 

 

Figure 2: Graph of the economy showing demand shifted to the left.

 

  1. What part of the Federal Reserve’s congressional mandate does this scenario trigger (price stability and maximum sustainable employment)?

 

(Enter your response here.)

  1. What kind of monetary policy might be helpful to stabilize the economy (expansionary or contractionary)?

 

(Enter your response here.)

  1. What specific monetary policy tools does the Federal Reserve have available to use in this scenario?

 

(Enter your response here.)

  1. Explain in detail, how should the Federal Reserve use each of these tools to maximize their effect in stabilizing the economy, what will be the likely effect of each monetary tool’s use on the money supply, and the resulting impact on the economy?

 

(Enter your response here.)

References: Author. (Date.) Title. Source.

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